Gerund II

This is the second of three incarnations of the gerund, which, in turn, is the second of three interpretations of the -ing form. If you feel this is hard to endure, don't give up. The worst is yet to come.

The good...

There are some verbs in the English language that are your friends. They just know how to behave. If they allow another verb near them, they will clearly seperate it with a to. Take

I expect to see you soon.

as an example. Now this is what a well-mannered verb should look like. And, needless to say, you don't even have to think about using any -ing forms with these verbs.

...the bad...

But some can't be so simple. They need to feel special. And so they force any verb that comes near them to change their form and become noun-like gerunds by taking an -ing at the end. Here is one example:

In the evenings I prefer reading.

Don't worry, I'm the ordinary tv-junkie. I just wanted to show how highbrow these verbs come along.

Here is a list of verbs that demand the gerund of any verb following them.

admit - anticipate - appreciate - avoid - can't help - can't see - complete - consider - defend - defer - delay - deny - despise - detest - discuss - dislike - dread - enjoy - escape - excuse - finish - forgive - imagine - involve - keep - loathe - mention - mind - miss - pardon - postpone - practice - prevent - recall - recollect - recommend - report - resent - resist - risk - save - suggest - tolerate - understand

...and the ugly

But if you think now you just learn these trouble-makers and the problem is gone, think again. Because, like in real life, even among the dorks some just have to stand out. Here are some groups of verbs which found even more unnerving ways to test our patience.

Basically, these are the verbs that can do both: take a gerund and use other patterns as well. There are the following gangs of culprits (click to read details):

Go back to the identifying -ing forms page.