Forming Questions

Special case 1: Sentences with a form of "be" as predicate

She is a girl with a red cap.

We want to ask for a girl with a red cap. The predicate of this sentence is problematic. To be grammatically correct, we must admit that the predicate is is a girl with a red cap. However, we are only interested in verb forms here and so is is everything we have.

Before you get a stupid idea like "Let's cut 'is' in two!" I tell you what to do:

Forget complicated rules. Really. Whenever a form of 'be' is the only verb form in a sentence, you just go the German way and put it in front of the subject. That's all.
In our example, Who is she? is the correct question. (For the less polite people: Yes, What is she? is also grammatically correct.)

Here are some examples:

He is a hungry wolf.

Is he a hungry wolf?

Her house is in the wood.

Where is her house?

This is so easy to understand.

Why is this so easy to understand?

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