Special case 1: Sentences with a form of "be" as predicate
She is a girl with a red cap.
We want to ask for a girl with a red cap. The predicate of this sentence is problematic.
To be grammatically correct, we must admit that the predicate is is a girl with a red cap.
However, we are only interested in verb forms here and so is is everything we have.
Before you get a stupid idea like "Let's cut 'is' in two!" I tell you what to do:
Forget complicated rules. Really.
Whenever a form of 'be' is the only
verb form in a sentence, you just go the German way and put it in front of the subject.
In our example, Who is she? is the correct question. (For the less polite people: Yes, What is she? is also grammatically correct.)
Here are some examples:
He is a hungry wolf.
|Is he a hungry wolf?
Her house is in the wood.
|Where is her house?
This is so easy to understand.
|Why is this so easy to understand?
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